Type 2 diabetes symptoms, if ignored, can lead to complications such as kidney damage, nerve damage and cardiovascular disease.
Symptoms commonly associated with the condition include feeling thirsty all the time and losing weight without trying to.
But other symptoms important to note are related to a person’s pee.
These include going to the toilet a lot, especially at night, having a certain smelling urine, and blood in urine.
Frequent urination is a condition known as polyuria. This is defined as passing more than three litres a day of urine, compared to the normal one or two litres.
While it’s often the result of drinking excessive amounts of fluids, it is also one of the main symptoms of diabetes.
“When the kidneys filter blood to make urine, they reabsorb all of the sugar, returning it to the bloodstream,” explains Diabetes.co.uk.
It adds: “In diabetes, the level of sugar in the blood is abnormally high. Not all the sugar can be reabsorbed and some this excess glucose from the blood ends up in the urine where it draws more water.
“This results in unusually large volumes of urine.”
If a person has healthy urine it should not really have a smell, according to the NHS.
It may smell stronger in the morning when it’s more concentrated, or if someone is dehydrated, but other side it should not be noticeable.
But the health body warns if you’re urine is sweet-smelling it could be a sign of diabetes.
If your wee smells more concentrated than norma, it could also be an early warning sign of diabetes, according to Now Patient’s Chief Medical Officer, Dr Andrew Thornber.
Blood in urine
Kidney disease, also known as diabetic nephropathy, is more common in people with diabetes, and a symptom of kidney disease can be blood appearing in urine.
“Kidney disease is caused by damage to smell vessels. This damage can cause the vessels to become leaky or, in some cases, to stop working, making the kidneys work less efficiently,” says Diabetes UK.
It further explains: “Keeping blood glucose levels as near normal as possible can greatly reduce the risk of kidney disease developing as well as other diabetes complications.
“It is also very important to keep blood pressure controlled.”
With the festive season well and truly underway, there are five alcoholic drinks to avoid if you want to keep you blood sugar levels normal.